Aromaticity in Heterocyclic Compounds (Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry 19) Free Download

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Aromaticity is a notion that appeared in the mid-nineteenth century to differentiate between unsaturated hydrocarbons and formally unsaturated benzene [1–3]. At the end of the nineteenth century it seemed that cyclicity was a necessary condition for differentiation between the two, but at the beginning of the twentieth century it turned out that the above assumption was not correct because cyclooctatetraene exhibited typical properties known for polyenes [4]. The essential property of b- zene-like compounds, often identified with aromatic compounds, was low reactity. Hence thermodynamic stability was defined as resonance energy [5, 6] and was the first quantitative measure of aromaticity.

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